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Christopher Mulligan

Professor, Analytical Chemistry
Science Laboratory Building - SLB 327A
Office Hours
Tues. 12-1 p.m. or by appointment
  • About
  • Education
  • Research

Current Courses

215.001Analytical Chemistry

216.004Analytical Chemistry Laboratory

299.016Independent Honor Study In Chemistry

499.016Independent Research For The Master's Thesis

290.016Research in Chemistry

490.016Research In Chemistry

499.116Independent Research For The Master's Thesis Last Term

490.002Research In Chemistry

Teaching Interests & Areas

- Analytical Chemistry and Associated Laboratories
- Mass Spectrometry: Instrumentation and Applications
- Forensic Chemistry

Research Interests & Areas

Design/construction of portable mass spectrometric (MS) systems and ionization sources
-Ambient ionization methods
- Applications for on-site analysis with portable MS instrumentation: forensic analysis, homeland security, environmental monitoring, etc.

Ph D Analytical Chemistry

Purdue University

BS Chemistry

Northern Illinois University

Journal Article

Bondzie, E., Adehinmoye, A., & Mulligan, C. Application of a Modified 3D-PCSI-MS Ion Source to On-Site, Trace Evidence Processing via Integrated Vacuum Collection. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 35 (2024): 82-89.
McDaniel, T., Holtz, J., Bondzie, E., Overfelt, M., Fedick, P., & Mulligan, C. Rapid screening of high‐priority <i>N</i>‐nitrosamines in pharmaceutical, forensic, and environmental samples with paper spray ionization and filter cone spray ionization‐mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 37.S1 (2023)
Brown, H.A., McDaniel, T.J., West, C.P., *Bondzie, E.H., Aldeman, M.R., Molnar, B.T., Mulligan, C.C., Fedick, P.W. (2022) Characterization and optimization of a rapid, automated 3D-printed cone spray ionization-mass spectrometry (3D-PCSI-MS) methodology. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 474, 116781
Burr, D., Fatigante, W., Lartey, J., Jang, W., Stelmack, A., McClurg, N., Standard, J., Wieland, J., Kim, J., Mulligan, C., & Driskell, J. Integrating SERS and PSI-MS with Dual Purpose Plasmonic Paper Substrates for On-Site Illicit Drug Confirmation. ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 92.9 (2020): 6676-6683.
Lartey, J., Harms, J., Frimpong, R., Mulligan, C., Driskell, J., & Kim, J. Sandwiching analytes with structurally diverse plasmonic nanoparticles on paper substrates for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. RSC ADVANCES 9.56 (2019): 32535-32543.

Textbook, New

Smith, S., Mulligan, C., Song, Q., Noll, R., Cooks, R., & Ouyang, Z. Chapter 2: Ion Traps for Miniature, Multiplexed and Soft Landing Technologies. R.E. March, J.F. Todd (EDs), Practical Aspects of Trapped Ion Mass Spectrometry, Vol. VI: Theory and Instrumentation. CRC Press (2010): 169-250.


A Modified 3D-Printed Cone Spray Ionization (3D-PCSI) Source for On-Site, Trace Forensic Evidence Processing via Integrated Vacuum Collection.. American Society for Mass Spectrometry (ASMS). (2023)
Ambient Ionization-Based Screening Protocols for High Priority N-Nitrosamines in Pharmaceutical, Forensic, and Environmental Samples. American Society for Mass Spectrometry (ASMS). (2023)
Trace and Bulk Detection of Post-Burn and Post-Blast of Energetics by 3D-Printed Cone Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry.. American Society for Mass Spectrometry (ASMS). (2023)
Developing a Fieldable SERS-PSI-MS Platform for On-Site, High Throughput Drug Evidence Confirmation. 71th Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry. National Institute of Justice. (2020)

Grants & Contracts

Coupling Raman Spectroscopy with Ambient Sampling, Portable Mass Spectrometry for On-site, High-Throughput Evidence Confirmation on a Single Instrument Platform. NIJ. Federal. (2018)
Assessing the Probative Value of Physical Evidence at Crime Scenes with Ambient Mass Spectrometry and Portable Instrumentation. National Institute of Justice. Federal. (2012)
On-site Monitoring of Emerging Environmental Contaminants with Ambient Mass Spectrometry. Research Corporation-Cottrell College Science Award. Federal. (2010)
Optimized Detection of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in Environmental Samples with Mass Spectrometry. Illinois State University Pre-Tenure Faculty Initiative Grant. Illinois State University. (2010)